Publications

Books

  • Kattan, W. & Talwar, V. (2013). Spirituality in Psychiatry: A medical education perspective. Saarbrucken, Germany: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing.
  • Lee, K. & Talwar, V. (2012) Children and Lying: A century of scientific research on the
    development of verbal deception
    . Blackwell Publishers.
  • Talwar, V., Schleifer, M., Harris, P. (2011) Children and Death: From the biological to the spiritual. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Schleifer, M., & Talwar, V. (2009). La religion et la science en éducation. Montreal, QC: Les Presses de l’Université du Québec.
  • Schleifer, M. & Talwar, V. (Eds) (2009). Science and Religion in Education. Calgary, AB:  Detselig Enterprises.

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Note: Current or former graduate students as lead authors underlined

  • Denault, V., Plusquellec, P., Jupe, L., [et al. including Talwar, V.] (2019). The analysis of nonverbal communication: the dangers of pseudoscience in security and justice contexts. Anuario de Psicologìa Jurìdica [Annals of Judicial Psychology], 30, 1-13. doi: 10.5093/apj2019a9
  • Cassidy, H., Wyman, J., Talwar, V., & Akehurst, L. (2019). Exploring the decision component of the activation-decision-construction-action theory in different social contexts. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 24, 87-102. doi: 10.1111/lcrp.12143
  • Malloy, L.C., Mugno, A.P., Waschbusch, D.A., Pelham, W.E., & Talwar, V. (2019). Parents’ attitudes about and socialization of honesty and dishonesty in typically-developing children and children with disruptive behavior disorders. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 47, 299-312. doi: 10.1007/s10802-018-0444-4
  • Mugno, A., Malloy, L.C., Waschbusch, D.A., Pelham, W.E., & Talwar, V. (2019). An experimental investigation of antisocial lie-telling among children with disruptive behavior disorders and typically-developing children. Child Development, 90, 774-789. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12985
  • Nagar, P. M., Williams, S. & Talwar, V. (2019). Lying is a family matter: the influence of an older sibling on preschooler’s lie-telling behavior. Social Development. Early view online, 1-33. doi: 10.1111/sode.12367
  • Shouhoudi-Mojdehi, A., Zhao, K., Leduc, K., Shouhoudi, A., & Talwar, V. (2019). Examining cross-cultural differences in youth’s moral perceptions of cyberbullying. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, & Social Networking, 22, 243-248. doi: 10.1089/cyber.2018.0339
  • Talwar, V., Lavoie, J., Crossman, A. (2019). Carving Pinocchio:  Longitudinal examination of children’s lying for different goals. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 181, 34-55. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2018.12.003
  • Van Praagh, S., Ménard, J.-F., Montreuil, M., Noronha, C., Talwar, V., & Carnevale, F. (2018). Learning from JJ: an interdisciplinary conversation. McGill Journal of Law and Health, 12, 123-156.
  • Bosacki, S., Sitnik, V., Dutcher, K., & Talwar, V. (2018). Gratitude, social cognition, and well-being in emerging adolescents. The Journal Of Genetic Psychology, 179, 256-269. doi: 10.1080/00221325.2018.1499607
  • Wyman, J., Foster, I., Crossman, A., Colwell, K., & Talwar, V. (2018). The efficacy of free-recall, cognitive load, and close-ended when children are asked to falsely testify about a crime. Applied Cognitive Psychology. Early view online, 1-17. doi: 10.1002/acp.3494
  • Foster, I., Wyman, J., Tong, D., Colwell, K., & Talwar, V. (2018). Does eyewitness and interviewer gender influence children’s reports? An experimental analysis of the effect of eyewitness and interviewer gender on children’s testimonies. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law. Early view online, 1-21. doi: 10.1080/13218719.2018.1507844
  • Lavoie, J, &. Talwar, V. (2018). Care to share? Children’s cognitive skills and concealing responses to a parent. Topics in Cognitive Science. Early view online, 1-19. doi: 10.1111/tops.12390
  • Smith, S., Dutcher, K., Askar, M., Bosacki, S., & Talwar, V. (2018). Emotional competencies in emerging adolescence: Relations between teacher ratings and student self-reports. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 24, 19-28. doi: 10.1080/02673843.2018.1455059
  • Leduc, K., Conway, L., Gomez-Garibello, C., & Talwar, V.  (2018). The influence of participant role, gender, and age in elementary and high-school children’s moral justifications of cyberbullying behaviors. Computers in Human Behavior, 83, 215-220. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2018.01.044
  • Talwar, V., Hubbard, K., Saykaly, C., Lee, K., Lindsay, R., & Bala, N. (2018). Does parental coaching affect children’s false reports? Comparing verbal markers of deception. Behavioral Sciences and Law, 36, 84-97. doi: 10.1002/bsl.2331
  • Talwar, V., Yachison, S., Leduc, K., & Nagar, P. M. (2018). Practice makes perfect? The impact of coaching and moral stories on children’s lie-telling. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 42, 416-424. doi: 10.1177/0165025417728583
  • Wyman, J., Foster, I., Lavoie, J., Tong, D., & Talwar, V. (2018). Detecting children’s false allegations and recantations of a crime. Psychology, Crime and Law, 24, 652-671. doi: 10.1080/1068316x.2017.1402018
  • Wyman, J., Lavoie, J., & Talwar, V. (2018). Best practices for interviewing children with intellectual disabilities in maltreatment cases. Exceptionality. Early view online. doi: 10.1080/09362835.2018.1425623
  • Yachison, S., Okoshken, J., & Talwar, V. (2018). Students’ reactions to a peer’s cheating behavior. Journal of Educational Psychology, 110, 747-763. doi: 10.1037/edu0000227
  • Lavoie, J., Wyman, J., Crossman, A., & Talwar, V. (2018) Lie-telling as a mode of antisocial action: Children’s lies and behavior problems. Journal of Moral Education, 47, 432-450. doi: 10.1080/03057240.2017.1405343
  • Lavoie, J., Leduc, K., Arruda, C., Crossman, A.M., & Talwar, V. (2017). Developmental profiles of children’s spontaneous lie-telling behavior: A latent class regression. Cognitive Development, 41, 33-45. doi: 10.1016/j.cogdev.2016.12.002
  • Leduc, K., Williams, S., Gomez-Garibello, C., & Talwar, V. (2017). The contributions of mental state understanding and executive functioning to preschool-aged children’s emerging lie-telling. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 35, 288-302. doi: 10.1111/bjdp.12163
  • Moore, K., Talwar, V., Gomez-Garibello, C., Bosacki, S., & Moxley-Haegert, L. (2017). Children’s spirituality: Exploring spirituality in the lives of cancer survivors and a healthy comparison group. Journal of Health Psychology, early view online, 1-12. doi: 10.1177/1359105317737605
  • Talwar, V., Crossman, A.M., Wyman, J. (2017). The role of executive functioning and theory of mind in children’s lies for others and for themselves. Early Childhood Research Quaterly, 41, 126-135. doi: 10.1016/j.ecresq.2017.07.003
  • Talwar, V., Gomez-Garibello, C., Lavoie, J., & Crossman, A.M. (2017). The influence of social factors and the relation between lie-telling and children’s cognitive abilities. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 159, 185-198. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2017.02.009
  • Ter-Stepanian, M., Grizenko, N., Cornish, K., Talwar, V., Mbekou, V., Schmitz, N., & Joober, R. (2017). Attention and executive function in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: The role of comorbid disorders. Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 26, 21-30.
  • Williams, S., Leduc, K., Crossman, A.M., & Talwar, V.  (2017). Young deceivers: The identification of lying, executive functions and antisocial lies in preschool aged children. Infant and Child Development, 26, 1-17. doi: 10.1002/icd.1956
  • Lavoie, J., Nagar, P. M., & Talwar, V. (2017). From Kantian to Machiavellian deceivers: Development of children’s reasoning and self-reported use of secrets and lies. Childhood, 24, 197-211. doi: 10.1177/0907568216671179
  • Saykaly, C.Talwar, V. & Crossman, A. M. (2017). High cognitive load during cross examination: Does it improve detection of children’s truth and lies? Psychiatry, Psychology & Law, 24, 278-291. doi: 10.1080/13218719.2016.1197816
  • Hubbard, K., Saykaly, C., Lee, K., Lindsay, R.C.L. Bala, N., & Talwar, V. (2016). Children’s recall accuracy for repeated events over multiple interviews: Comparing detail and action information. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 23, 849-862. doi: 10.1080/13218719.2016.1256015
  • Lavoie, J., Pereira, L. C., & Talwar, V. (2016). Children’s resilience and health outcomes: Meta-analysis of vulnerability and protective factors. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 31, 701-711. doi: 10.1016/j.pedn/2016.07.011
  • Moore, K., Gomez-Garibello, C., Bosacki, S., & Talwar, V. (2016). Children’s spiritual lives: The development of a children’s spirituality measure. Religions, 7, 1-11. doi:10.3390/rel7080095   
  • Talwar, V., Williams, S., Renaud, S.-J., Arruda, C., & Saykaly, C. (2016). Children’s evaluations of tattles, prosocial and antisocial lies. International Review of Pragmatics, 8, 334-352. doi:  10.1163/18773109-00802007
  • Wyman, J., Foster, I., Talwar, V. (2016). An experimental analysis of children’s ability to provide a false report about a crime. The Journal of Visualized Experiments, 111, 1-9. doi: 10.3791/53773
  • Conway, L., Gomez-Garibello, C., Shariff, S., & Talwar, V. (2016). Face-to-face and online: An investigation of children’s and adolescents’ bullying behavior through the lens of       moral emotions and judgments. Journal of School Violence, 15, 503-522. doi: 10.1080/15388220.2015.1112805
  • Saykaly, C., Crossman, A.M., & Talwar, V. (2016). Question type and their effect on children’s maintenance and accuracy during courtroom testimony. Journal of Forensic Practice, 18, 104-117. doi: 10.1108/jfp-01-2015-0010
  • Lavoie, J., Yachison, S., Crossman, A.M., & Talwar, V. (2016). Polite, instrumental, and dual liars: Relation to children’s developing cognitive ability, social skills, and parent socialization. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 41, 257-264. doi: 10.1177/0165025415626518
  • Talwar, V., Yachison, S., & Leduc, K. (2016).  Promoting honesty: The influence of stories on children’s lie-telling behaviors and their moral understanding.  Infant and Child Development, 25, 484-501. doi: 10.1002/icd.1949
  • Williams, S., Moore, K., Crossman, A.M., & Talwar, V. (2016). The role of executive functions and theory of mind in children’s prosocial lie-telling. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 141, 256-266. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2015.08.001
  • Lavoie, J., Leduc, K., Crossman, A. M., & Talwar, V. (2016). Do as I say and not as I think: Parent socialization of lie-telling behaviour. Children & Society, 30, 253-264. doi: 10.1111/chso.12139
  • Moore, K., & Talwar, V., & Moxley, Haegert, L. (2015). Definitional ceremonies: Narrative practices for psychologists to inform interdisciplinary teams’ understanding of children’s spirituality in pediatric settings. Journal of Health Psychology, 20, 259-272. doi: 10.1177/1359105314566610
  • Gomez-Garibello, C., & Talwar, V. (2015) Can you read my mind? Age as a moderator in the relationship between Theory of Mind and relational aggression. International Journal of Behavioural Development, 39, 552-559.  doi: 10.1177/0165025415580805
  • Talwar, V., Renaud, S.J., & Conway, L. (2015). Detecting children’s lies: Are parents accurate judges of their own children’s lies? Journal of Moral Education, 44, 81-96. doi: 10.1080/03057240.2014.1002459
  • Renaud, S.J., Engarhos, P., Scheifer, M., & Talwar, V. (2015). Children’s earliest experiences with death: Circumstances, conversations, explanations, and parental satisfaction. Infant and Child Development, 24, 157-174. doi:10.1002/icd.1889
  • Talwar, V., Arruda, C., & Yachison, S. (2015).  The effects of punishment and appeals for honesty on children’s truth-telling behavior. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 130, 209-217. doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2014.09.011
  • Lee, K., Talwar, V., McCarthy, A., Ross, I., Evans, A., & Arruda, C. (2014). Can classic moral stories promote honesty in children? Psychological Science, 25, 1630-1636.  doi: 10.1177/0956797614536401
  • Talwar, V., Gomez-Garibello, C., & Shariff, S. (2014).  Adolescents’ moral evaluations and ratings of cyberbullying: The effect of veracity and intentionality behind the event. Computers in Human Behavior, 36, 122-128. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2014.03.046
  • Williams, S., Talwar, V., Lindsay, R.C.L., Bala, N. & Lee, K. (2014).  Is the truth in your words? Distinguishing children’s deceptive and truthful statements. Journal of Criminology, 2014, 1-9. doi:10.1155/2014/547519
  • Kattan, W., & Talwar, V. (2013). Psychiatry residents’ attitudes towards spirituality in psychiatry. Academic Psychiatry, 37, 360-362.doi:10.11.76/appi.ap.13030027.
  • Williams, S., Kirmayer, M., Simon, T., & Talwar, V. (2013). Children’s antisocial and prosocial lies to familiar and unfamiliar adults.  Infant and Child Development, 22, 430-438. doi: 10.1002/icd.1802
  • Renaud, S.J., Engarhos, P., Talwar, V., & Schleifer, M. (2013).  Talking to children about death: Parental use of religious and biological explanations. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 32, 180-196.
  • Saykaly, C., Talwar, V., Lee, K., Lindsay, R.C.L., & Bala, N. (2013) The influence of multiple interviews on the verbal markers of children’s deception. Law and Human Behavior, 37, 187-196. doi: 10.1037/lhb0000023
  • Brunet, M.K., Evans, A.D., Talwar, V., Lindsay, R.C.L., Bala, N., & Lee, K. (2013).  How children report true and fabricated stressful and non-stressful life events.  Psychiatry, Psychology, and the Law, 20, 867-881. doi:10.1080/13218719.2012.750896
  • Saykaly, C., Talwar, V., Lindsay, R. C. L., Bala, N. C., Lee, K., Bertrand, M., & Nugent, S. M. (2013). Adults’ ability to detect deception of stressful and non-stressful stories of children. Psychology, Crime & Law, 19, 865-879. Doi:10.1080/1068316X.2012.700311c
  • Evans, A. D., Brunet, M. K., Talwar, V., Bala, N., Lindsay, R. C. L., & Lee, K. (2012). The effects of repetition on children’s true and false reports. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 19, 517-529. doi:10.1080/13218719.2011.615808
  • Moore, K., Talwar, V., & Bosacki, S. (2012) Canadian children’s perceptions of spirituality: diverse voices. International Journal of Children’s Spirituality, 17, 217-234. doi:10.1080/1364436X.2012.742040
  • Talwar, V., & Crossman, A. M. (2012). Children’s lies and their detection: Implications for child witness testimony. Developmental Review, 32, 337-359. doi:10.1016/j.dr.2012.06.004
  • Talwar, V., Zwaigenbaum, L., Goulden, K. J., Manji, S., Loomes, C., & Rasmussen, C. (2012). Lie-telling behavior in children with autism and its relation to false-belief understanding. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 27, 122–129. doi:10.1177/108835761244182
  • Popliger, M., Talwar, V., & Crossman, A.M. (2011). Predictors of children’s prosocial lie-telling:  Motivation, socialization variables, and moral understanding. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 110, 373–92. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2011.05.003
  • Bosacki, S., Moore, K., Talwar, V., & Park-Saltzman, J. (2011). Preadolescents’ gendered spiritual identities and self-regulation. Journal of Beliefs and Values: Studies in Religion and Education, 32, 303-316. doi: 10.1080/13617672.2011.627679
  • Talwar, V., Crossman, A.M., Muir, S., & Williams, S. (2011). Adult detection of children’s selfish and polite lies: Experience matters.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 42, 2837-2857. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2011.00861
  • Talwar, V., & Lee, K. (2011). A punitive environment fosters children’s dishonesty: a naturalistic study. Child Development, 82, 1751-1758. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01663.x
  • Talwar, V., & Crossman, A.M. (2011). From little white lies to filthy liars: The evolution of honesty and deception in young children. Advances in Child Development and Behavior, 40, 139-179. doi: 10.1016/b978-0-12-386491-8.00004-9
  • Talwar, V., Carlson, S., & Lee, K. (2011).  Effects of a punitive environment on children’s cool and hot executive functioning: A natural experiment. Social Development, 20, 805-826. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9507.2011.006177
  • Bala, N., Lee, K., Lindsay, R.C.L., & Talwar, V. (2010). The competency of children to testify: Psychological research informing Canadian law reform. International Journal of Children’s Rights, 18, 53 – 77. doi: 10.1163/157181809X458544
  • Xu, F., Bao, X., Fu, G., Talwar, V., & Lee, K.  (2010). Prosocial lying in children: From concept to action. Child Development, 81, 581-596. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2009.01417.x
  • Rasmussen, C., Talwar, V., & Wyper, K. (2009). The relation between theory of mind and executive functions in children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Canadian Research Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 16, 370-380.
  • Talwar, V., Crossman, A.M., Renaud, S-J., & Williams, S. (2009). Pants on fire? Detecting children’s lies. Applied Developmental Psychology, 13, 119-129. doi: 10.1080/10888690903041519
  • Leach, A.M, Lindsay, R.C.L., Koehla, R., Beaudry, J.L., Bala, N., Lee, K., & Talwar, V. (2009).  The reliability of lie detection performance. Law and Human Behaviour, 33, 96-109. doi: 10.1007/s10979-008-9137-9
  • Talwar, V., & Lee, K.  (2008) Socio-cognitive correlates of children’s lying behaviour: Conceptual  understanding of lying, executive functioning, and false beliefs. Child Development, 79, 866-881. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2008.01164
  • Lyon, T. D., Quas, J. A., Malloy, L.C., & Talwar, V.  (2008). Coaching, truth induction, and young maltreated children’s false allegations and false denials. Child Development, 79, 914-929. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2008.01167.x
  • Rasmussen, C., Talwar, V., Loomes, C., & Andrews, G.H. (2008). Lie-telling in children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 33, 220-225. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsm069
  • Talwar, V., Gordon, H., & Lee, K. (2007). Lie-telling behavior in school-age children. Developmental Psychology, 43, 804-810.
  • Talwar, V., Murphy S., & Lee, K. (2007). White lie-telling in children.  International Journal of Behavioral Development, 31, 1-11. doi: 10.1177/0165025406073530
  • Talwar, V., Lee, K., Bala, N., & Lindsay, R. C. L. (2006). Adults’ judgments of children’s coached reports. Law and Human Behavior, 30, 561-570. doi: 10.1007/s10979-006-9038-8
  • Global Deception Research Team. (2006). A world of lies. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 37, 60-74. doi: 10.1177/0022022105282295
  • Bala, N., Duvall-Antonacopoulos, K., Lindsay, R., Lee, K., & Talwar, V. (2005). Bill C-2: Reforming Canada’s child witness laws. Canadian Criminal Reports, 32, 48-182.
  • Talwar, V., Lee, K., Bala, N., & Lindsay, R.C.L. (2004). Children’s lie-telling to conceal a parent’s transgression: Legal implications. Law & Human Behavior, 28, 411-435.
  • Leach, A., Talwar, V., Lee, K., Bala, N., & Lindsay, R.C.L. (2004). Intuitive lie detection of children’s deception by law enforcement officials and university students. Law & Human Behavior, 28, 661-685. doi: 10.1007/s10979-004-0793-0
  • Talwar, V., Lee, K., Bala, N., & Lindsay, R.C.L. (2002). Children’s conceptual knowledge of lying and its relation to their actual behaviors: Implications for court competence examinations. Law and Human Behavior, 26, 395-415.
  • Talwar, V., & Lee, K. (2002).  Development of lying to conceal a transgression: children’s control of expressive behavior during verbal deception. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 26, 436-444. doi: 10.1080/01650250143000373
  • Talwar, V., & Lee, K. (2002).  Emergence of white-lie telling in children between 3 and 7 years of age.  Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 48, 160-181.
  • Lee, K., Cameron, C. A., Doucette, J., & Talwar, V. (2002). Phantoms and fabrications: Young children’s detection of implausible lies. Child Development, 73, 1688-1702.
  • Bala, N., Lee, K., Lindsay, R., & Talwar, V. (2001). A Legal and psychological critique of the present approach to the assessment of the competence of child witnesses.  Osgoode Hall Law Journal, 38, 409-541.

 Other Publications:

  • Talwar, V. (accepted, forthcoming 2015). The development of lying and cognitive abilities. In J. Meibauer (Ed) Oxford Handbook of Lying. Oxford University Press.
  • Talwar, V. (2012). Nurturing our innate individual differences. [Review of the book Becoming Who We are: Temperament and Personality in Development]. PsycCRITIQUES-Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books, 57 (5).
  • Talwar, V., Lindsay, R.C.L. & Lee, K. (2011). The Child Witness Project. In S. Anand and the Law: Essays in Honor of Professor Nicholas Bala. Paradoxes of Children’s Rights: Essays in Honor of Professor Nicholas Bala (p.77-92). Toronto:Irwin Law Publishers.
  • Talwar, V. (2011, August 3). Spare the rod and teach the child. Global editorial, Guardian Newspaper.
  • Talwar, V & Renaud, S.J. (2010). Trustworthiness of Young Children as Witnesses. In K. Rotenberg (Ed) Trust and Trustworthiness during Childhood and Adolescence (p.177 199).London: Cambridge University Press.
  • Talwar, V. (2010). Dishonesty. In S. Goldstein (Ed)Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development. New York: Springer.
  • Talwar, V. (2010). Moral behavior. In S. Goldstein (Ed)Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development. New York: Springer
  • Williams, S., & Talwar, V. (2010). Q-Sort method attachment. In S. Goldstein (Ed)Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development. New York: Springer.
  • Talwar, V. & Lee, K. (2008). The development of verbal deception.In S. Itakura & K. Fujitia (Eds) Origins of the Social Mind: Evolutionary and Developmental Views (p.157-178Springer. Hicom, Japan: Springer.
  • Talwar, V., & Popliger, M. (2008). Detection of deception in children. In B. Cutler (Ed) Encyclopedia of Psychology and Law. New York: Sage Publications.
  •  Talwar, V, & Renaud, S.J. (2008). The challenges of acquiring the complex and essential skills of social competence. [Review of the book Social Competence]. PsycCRITIQUES Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books, 53 (21).
  • Talwar, V. & Popliger, M. (2007, August 29). Promoting children’s moral development [Review of the book Kids of Character: Promoting Moral Development]. PsycCRITIQUES Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books, 52 (35).
  • Bala, N., Talwar, V. & Harris J. (2006). Voices of the children. Canadian Family Law Quarterly, 24,  221-279.
  • N. Bala, Lee, K., Lindsay, R.C.L., Lee, J., Talwar, V., Leach, A., Ramakrishnan, K., & Harris, J. (March, 2005). Brief on Bill C-2. Recognizing the Capacities and Needs of Children as Witnesses in Canada’s Criminal Justice. Presented to the House of Commons Committee on Justice, Human Rights, Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness.
  • Talwar, V. (2004). How is psychology relevant to law? Applied Cognitive Psychology, 18, 1-2.
  • Bala, N., Lee, K., Lindsay, R. C. L., Leverette, J., Lee, J., Talwar, V., Leach, A., & Ramkrishnan, K. (2003, August). Brief on Bill C-20: The reform of the child witness competence inquiry – The proposed s.16.1 of the Canada Evidence Act. Presented to the House of Commons Committee on Justice and Human Rights.

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